Lupus is a disease that occurs when your body’s immunity starts attacking its tissues and organs (autoimmune). Inflammation caused by lupus can affect any part of the body e.g. joints, skin, kidney, blood cell, brain, lungs, and the heart.
It’s difficult sometimes to diagnose lupus because its signs and symptoms mimic other ailments
Signs and symptoms that you experience will depend on which body part has been affected by the disease.
The most common signs and symptoms are
- Butterfly shaped like Rash that affects cheeks
- Shortness of breath
- Chest pain
- Dry eyes
- Headache, confusion, and loss of memory
- Skin lesions that appear or become worse with sun exposure
Types of lupus
- Neonatal lupus affects the infants of women who have lupus
- Drug-induced lupus- a lupus-like disease caused by a certain drug that has been prescribed
- Cutaneous lupus: this is a condition limited to the skin
Doctors look and study the signs and symptoms and rule out the other conditions that could be causing them. They might do the following test:
- Blood test
- Urine test
- Imaging test. To ascertain there is no inflammation or fluid built up in your heart or lungs
- Tissue biopsy
Lupus is not contagious
A lupus flare might happen when your lupus symptoms worsen and can make you feel extremely ill or sick. Flares come and go and sometimes signs and symptoms occur before a flare.
Several different things that might cause a flare may include
- Not getting enough rest
- Exposure to UV radiations
- Certain types of medication.
Although it’s a condition you will live with, it’s manageable and has medication.
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